Rigoletto – Giuseppe Verdi

In 1851, Rigoletto was a challenge in all sorts of ways. For a start, it was based on Victor Hugo’s 1832 play Le roi s’amuse, a drama of 16th century royal debauchery which the 19th century authorities had promptly  ...

Le Grand Macabre – Gy�rgy Ligeti

The opera is based on the following work: La Balade du grand macabre (2002), Michel de Ghelderode Gy�rgy Ligeti (b. 1923), a leader of the contemporary musical avant garde, is a Hungarian Jew (now an Austrian citizen) who survived  ...

La Rondine – Giacomo Puccini

La Rondine is the only opera among Puccini's mature works that is generally passed over in the current repertory--and with good reason. Written and first performed in the midst of World War I, it's a work that looks back  ...

Daphne – Richard Strauss

online references on Richard Strauss As always with Strauss, much can be made of the historical and political context of the time in which he wrote his operas. Daphne, after all, dates from 1937  ...

Cosi fan tutte – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Scholars and musicologists quibble endlessly over Cosi--about its musical form (or lack of the form of the earlier operas), about inconsistencies in the musical style from one aria or ensemble piece to another, about insufficient psychological grounding for the  ...

Doktor Faust – Ferruccio Busoni

Online references on Ferruccio Busoni While Berlioz based his La Damnation de Faust (1846) on the seminal work of Goethe, Ferrucio Busoni went back to the earlier German puppet plays as the source  ...

The Cunning Little Vixen – Leoš Janacek

The Czech composer Leoš Janacek is most frequently represented in the current repertory by his operas Jenufa and Kat'a Kabanova, both works of high domestic drama, full of intense emotion and family conflict. The Cunning Little Vixen, far less  ...

Akhnaten – Philip Glass

Online references on Akhnaten Opera has from the very beginning focussed on myth and ritual. So Philip Glass' three act Akhnaten (1984), which was seen as an oddity by some at its Stuttgart  ...